Gender equality


Gen­der equal­ity is a human right. Gen­der equal­ity means that women are enti­tled to live with dig­nity and free­dom from fear. Gen­der has been iden­ti­fied as a crit­i­cal com­po­nent of HIV related pro­grams. Evi­dence indi­cates that the patri­ar­chal soci­etal struc­ture has cre­ated deep gen­der divides. This gen­der divide is then strongly asso­ci­ated with HIV infec­tions and sta­tus. This can man­i­fest as, for instance, gen­dered vio­lence lead­ing to higher risk to acquire HIV or dis­clo­sure of HIV sta­tus lead­ing to vio­lence and per­sis­tent vio­lence can lead to poor adher­ence to anti­retro­vi­ral treat­ment. Peo­ple capa­ble of giv­ing birth that also have HIV sta­tus and over­lap­ping vul­ner­a­bil­i­ties can have higher propen­sity to face dis­crim­i­na­tion from health­care work­ers.

Address­ing vul­ner­a­bil­i­ties dri­ven by gen­der requires an under­stand­ing of their added risks and clear artic­u­la­tion of the need for gen­der-cen­tric leg­is­la­tions and poli­cies. Inter­na­tional res­o­lu­tions and other doc­u­ments reflected in the Lan­guage Com­pendium high­light the need for those leg­is­la­tions and poli­cies. These prece­dents urge States “to pre­vent and respond to gen­der-related killing of women and girls,” in accor­dance with their com­mit­ments and oblig­a­tions under inter­na­tional law. Inter­na­tional prece­dents have also under­lined inter­sec­tion­al­i­ties that cre­ate over­lap­ping vul­ner­a­bil­i­ties for women that, for instance, have HIV sta­tus or are migrant work­ers.


2022 Resolution on Violence Against Women Migrant Workers

2021 Global AIDS Strategy 2021-2026

2021 Political declaration on HIV and AIDS

2021 CSW Report on women and HIV/AIDS

2021 UNESC Resolution on UNAIDS

2020 Resolution on violence against women migrant workers

2019 UNESC Resolution on UNAIDS

2019 Political declaration of the HLM on UHC

2018 Political declaration of the third HLM on NCDs

2017 Resolution on international cooperation to address and counter the world drug problem

2016 Resolution on Women, the Girl Child and HIV and AIDS

2016 Outcome Document of the Session on the World Drug Problem

2016 Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS

2016 Resolution on the girl child

2012 Resolution on women in development

2011 Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS

2011 Resolution on trafficking in women and girls

2009 ECOSOC Resolution on UNAIDS

2006 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS

2001 Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS

Expert precedents

2022 OHCHR Annual Report on Human Rights and HIV/AIDS

2021 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to health

2006 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health

1999 General Recommendation No.24 on women and health


2022 WHO Consolidated Guidelines on Person-centred HIV Strategic Information

2020 Evidence Review of the UNAIDS Strategy 2016-2021

2016 Prevention Gap Report