2011 Resolution on trafficking in women and girls

65th UNGA
21 Decem­ber 2011

Analysis of precedential value

The UN Gen­eral Assem­bly adopted this res­o­lu­tion with­out a gen­eral vote in Decem­ber 2010. The Gen­eral Assem­bly is the pre­em­i­nent gov­ern­ing body of the UN sys­tem and con­sists of all 193 UN Mem­ber States.

Used as precedent

gender equality, positive legal determinants

Also calls upon Gov­ern­ments to take appro­pri­ate mea­sures to address the fac­tors that increase vul­ner­a­bil­ity to being traf­ficked, includ­ing poverty and gen­der inequal­ity, as well as other fac­tors that encour­age the par­tic­u­lar prob­lem of traf­fick­ing in women and girls for pros­ti­tu­tion and other forms of com­mer­cial­ized sex, forced mar­riage, forced labour and organ removal, in order to pre­vent and elim­i­nate such traf­fick­ing, includ­ing by strength­en­ing exist­ing leg­is­la­tion with a view to pro­vid­ing bet­ter pro­tec­tion of the rights of women and girls and to pun­ish­ing per­pe­tra­tors, includ­ing pub­lic offi­cials engag­ing in or facil­i­tat­ing human traf­fick­ing, through, as appro­pri­ate, crim­i­nal and/or civil mea­sures.

human rights

Urges Gov­ern­ments to devise, enforce and strengthen effec­tive gen­der- and age-sen­si­tive mea­sures to com­bat and elim­i­nate all forms of traf­fick­ing in women and girls, includ­ing for sex­ual and eco­nomic exploita­tion, as part of a com­pre­hen­sive anti-traf­fick­ing strat­egy that inte­grates a human rights per­spec­tive, and to draw up, as appro­pri­ate, national action plans in this regard.Urges Gov­ern­ments to pro­vide or strengthen train­ing for, and to raise aware­ness among, law enforce­ment, judi­cial, immi­gra­tion and other rel­e­vant offi­cials on the pre­ven­tion and com­bat­ing of traf­fick­ing in per­sons, includ­ing the sex­ual exploita­tion of women and girls, and in this regard calls upon Gov­ern­ments to ensure that the treat­ment of vic­tims of traf­fick­ing, espe­cially by law enforce­ment offi­cials, immi­gra­tion offi­cers, con­sular offi­cials, social work­ers and other first response offi­cials, is con­ducted with full respect for the human rights of those vic­tims and with gen­der and age sen­si­tiv­ity and observes the prin­ci­ples of non-dis­crim­i­na­tion, includ­ing the pro­hi­bi­tion of racial dis­crim­i­na­tion.

gender equality

Also urges Gov­ern­ments, in coop­er­a­tion with inter­gov­ern­men­tal and non-gov­ern­men­tal orga­ni­za­tions, to sup­port and allo­cate resources to strengthen pre­ven­tive action, in par­tic­u­lar edu­ca­tion for women and men, as well as for girls and boys, on gen­der equal­ity, self-respect and mutual respect, and cam­paigns, car­ried out in col­lab­o­ra­tion with civil soci­ety, to increase pub­lic aware­ness of the issue at the national and grass-roots lev­els.

positive legal determinants

Urges Gov­ern­ments to develop edu­ca­tional and train­ing pro­grammes and poli­cies and to con­sider, as appro­pri­ate, enact­ing leg­is­la­tion aimed at pre­vent­ing sex tourism and traf­fick­ing, giv­ing spe­cial empha­sis to the pro­tec­tion of young women and chil­dren.Calls upon all Gov­ern­ments to crim­i­nal­ize all forms of traf­fick­ing in per­sons, rec­og­niz­ing its increas­ing occur­rence for pur­poses of sex­ual exploita­tion, com­mer­cial sex­ual exploita­tion and abuse, sex tourism and forced labour, and to bring to jus­tice and pun­ish the offend­ers and inter­me­di­aries involved, includ­ing pub­lic offi­cials involved with traf­fick­ing in per­sons, whether local or for­eign, through the com­pe­tent national author­i­ties, either in the coun­try of ori­gin of the offender or in the coun­try in which the abuse occurs, in accor­dance with due process of law, as well as to penal­ize per­sons in author­ity found guilty of sex­u­ally assault­ing vic­tims of traf­fick­ing in their cus­tody.Calls upon all con­cerned Gov­ern­ments to allo­cate resources, as appro­pri­ate, to pro­vide access to appro­pri­ate pro­grammes for the phys­i­cal, psy­cho­log­i­cal and social recov­ery of vic­tims of traf­fick­ing, includ­ing through job train­ing, legal assis­tance in a lan­guage that they can under­stand and health care, includ­ing for HIV/AIDS, and by tak­ing mea­sures to coop­er­ate with inter­gov­ern­men­tal and non-gov­ern­men­tal orga­ni­za­tions to pro­vide for the social, med­ical and psy­cho­log­i­cal care of the vic­tims.