2001 Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS

26th UNGA Spe­cial Ses­sion
27 June 2001

Analysis of precedential value

This dec­la­ra­tion is the prod­uct of the United Nations Gen­eral Assem­bly Spe­cial Ses­sion on HIV/AIDS in June 2001. The UN Gen­eral Assem­bly adopted this res­o­lu­tion with­out a gen­eral vote two months later. The Gen­eral Assem­bly is the pre­em­i­nent gov­ern­ing body of the UN sys­tem and con­sists of all 193 UN Mem­ber States.

Used as precedent

gender equality

Stress­ing that gen­der equal­ity and the empow­er­ment of women are fun­da­men­tal ele­ments in the reduc­tion of the vul­ner­a­bil­ity of women and girls to HIV/AIDS.By 2005, imple­ment mea­sures to increase capac­i­ties of women and ado­les­cent girls to pro­tect them­selves from the risk of HIV infec­tion , prin­ci­pally through the pro­vi­sion of health care and health ser­vices, includ­ing for sex­ual and repro­duc­tive health, and through pre­ven­tion edu­ca­tion that pro­motes gen­der equal­ity within a cul­tur­ally and gen­der-sen­si­tive frame­work.

key population and community leadership

Acknowl­edg­ing the par­tic­u­lar role and sig­nif­i­cant con­tri­bu­tion of peo­ple liv­ing with HIV/AIDS, young peo­ple and civil soci­ety actors in address­ing the prob­lem of HIV/AIDS in all its aspects, and rec­og­niz­ing that their full involve­ment and par­tic­i­pa­tion in the design, plan­ning, imple­men­ta­tion and eval­u­a­tion of pro­grammes is cru­cial to the devel­op­ment of effec­tive responses to the HIV/AIDS epi­demic.By 2005, develop and make sig­nif­i­cant progress in imple­ment­ing com­pre­hen­sive care strate­gies to: strengthen fam­ily and com­mu­nity-based care, includ­ing that pro­vided by the infor­mal sec­tor, and health­care sys­tems to pro­vide and mon­i­tor treat­ment to peo­ple liv­ing with HIV/AIDS, includ­ing infected chil­dren, and to sup­port indi­vid­u­als, house­holds,fam­i­lies and com­mu­ni­ties affected by HIV/AIDS; and improve the capac­ity and work­ing con­di­tions of health-care per­son­nel, and the effec­tive­ness of sup­ply sys­tems, financ­ing plans and refer­ral mech­a­nisms required to pro­vide access to afford­able med­i­cines, includ­ing anti­retro­vi­ral drugs, diag­nos­tics and related tech­nolo­gies, as well as qual­ity med­ical, pal­lia­tive and psy­choso­cial care.

comprehensive sexuality education

By 2005, ensure that at least 90 per cent, and by 2010 at least 95 per cent of young men and women aged 15 to 24 have access to the infor­ma­tion, edu­ca­tion, includ­ing peer edu­ca­tion and youth-spe­cific HIV edu­ca­tion, and ser­vices nec­es­sary to develop the life skills required to reduce their vul­ner­a­bil­ity to HIV infec­tion, in full part­ner­ship with young per­sons,par­ents, fam­i­lies, edu­ca­tors and health-care providers

human rights

By 2003, enact, strengthen, or enforce, as appro­pri­ate, leg­is­la­tion, reg­u­la­tions and other mea­sures to elim­i­nate all forms of dis­crim­i­na­tion against and to ensure the full enjoy­ment of all human rights and fun­da­men­tal free­doms by peo­ple liv­ing with HIV/AIDS and mem­bers of vul­ner­a­ble groups, in par­tic­u­lar to ensure their access to, inter alia, edu­ca­tion, inher­i­tance, employ­ment, health care, social and health ser­vices, pre­ven­tion, sup­port, and treat­ment, infor­ma­tion and legal pro­tec­tion, while respect­ing their pri­vacy and con­fi­den­tial­ity; and develop strate­gies to com­bat stigma and social exclu­sion con­nected with the epi­demic.

sexual rights

By 2005, bear­ing in mind the con­text and char­ac­ter of the epi­demic and that, glob­ally, women and girls are dis­pro­por­tion­ately affected by HIV/AIDS, develop and accel­er­ate the imple­men­ta­tion of national strate­gies that pro­mote the advance­ment of women and women’s full enjoy­ment of all human rights; pro­mote shared respon­si­bil­ity of men and women to ensure safe sex; and empower women to have con­trol over and decide freely and respon­si­bly on mat­ters related to their sex­u­al­ity to increase their abil­ity to pro­tect them­selves from HIV infec­tion.

bodily autonomy and integrity

By 2005, ensure devel­op­ment and accel­er­ated imple­men­ta­tion of national strate­gies for women’s empow­er­ment, the pro­mo­tion and pro­tec­tion of women’s full enjoy­ment of all human rights and reduc­tion of their vul­ner­a­bil­i­ties to HIV/AIDS through the elim­i­na­tion of all forms of dis­crim­i­na­tion, as well as all forms of vio­lence against women and girls, includ­ing harm­ful tra­di­tional and cus­tom­ary prac­tices, abuse, rape and other forms of sex­ual vio­lence, bat­ter­ing and traf­fick­ing in women and girls.

key and vulnerable populations

By 2003, develop and/or strengthen national strate­gies, poli­cies and pro­grammes, sup­ported by regional and inter­na­tional ini­tia­tives, as appro­pri­ate, through a par­tic­i­pa­tory approach, to pro­mote and pro­tect the health of those iden­ti­fi­able groups which cur­rently have high or increas­ing rates of HIV infec­tion or which pub­lic health infor­ma­tion indi­cates are at great­est risk of and most vul­ner­a­ble to new infec­tion as indi­cated by such fac­tors as the local his­tory of the epi­demic, poverty, sex­ual prac­tices, drug-using behav­iour, liveli­hood, insti­tu­tional loca­tion, dis­rupted social struc­tures and pop­u­la­tion move­ments, forced or oth­er­wise.By 2003, develop and by 2005 imple­ment national poli­cies and strate­gies to build and strengthen gov­ern­men­tal, fam­ily and com­mu­nity capac­i­ties to pro­vide a sup­port­ive envi­ron­ment for orphans and girls and boys infected and affected by HIV/AIDS, includ­ing by pro­vid­ing appro­pri­ate coun­selling and psy­choso­cial sup­port, ensur­ing their enrol­ment in school and access to shel­ter, good nutri­tion and health and social ser­vices on an equal basis with other chil­dren; and pro­tect orphans and vul­ner­a­ble chil­dren from all forms of abuse, vio­lence, exploita­tion, dis­crim­i­na­tion, traf­fick­ing and loss of inher­i­tance.

positive legal determinants

By 2003, develop a national legal and pol­icy frame­work that pro­tects in the work­place the rights and dig­nity of per­sons liv­ing with and affected by HIV/AIDS and those at the great­est risk of HIV/AIDS, in con­sul­ta­tion with rep­re­sen­ta­tives of employ­ers and work­ers, tak­ing account of estab­lished inter­na­tional guide­lines on HIV/AIDS in the work­place.