Universal health coverage


Uni­ver­sal health cov­er­age refers to the ambi­tion of com­mu­ni­ties and coun­tries in which every­one can access qual­ity health­care with­out great finan­cial bur­den. All United Nations Mem­ber States have expressed sup­port for uni­ver­sal health cov­er­age, even if their polit­i­cal com­mit­ments vary in scope and nature. Uni­ver­sal health cov­er­age has also been rec­og­nized as a first step in real­iz­ing the human right of every­one to the high­est attain­able stan­dard of health.

Uni­ver­sal health cov­er­age is crit­i­cal to the HIV response. Some of the great­est dri­vers of the HIV pan­demic involve the inac­ces­si­bil­ity and unaf­ford­abil­ity of med­ical care for key and vul­ner­a­ble pop­u­la­tions. These include the costs of pre-expo­sure pro­phy­laxis, con­doms, and anti­retro­vi­ral ther­apy; legal and dis­crim­i­na­tory bar­ri­ers, like being refused care; and a lack of health infor­ma­tion that addresses key pop­u­la­tions’ unique risk fac­tors and needs. With inclu­sive and duly enforced uni­ver­sal health cov­er­age, these bar­ri­ers would be mit­i­gated if not elim­i­nated entirely.


2021 HRC Res­o­lu­tion on ensuring equitable, affordable, timely and universal access for all countries to vaccines in response to COVID-19

2021 Political declaration on equitable global access to COVID-19 vaccines

2021 HRC resolution on human rights in the context of HIV and AIDS

2020 Resolution on global health and foreign policy: strengthening health system resilience through affordable health care for all

2019 HRC Resolution on access to medicines and vaccines

2019 Political declaration of the HLM on UHC

2018 HRC Resolution on human rights in the context of HIV and AIDS

2018 Political declaration of the HLM on the fight against TB

2016 Resolution on Women, the Girl Child and HIV and AIDS

2014 Resolution on efforts to control and eliminate malaria by 2015

2007 WHA Resolution on progress in the rational use of medicines

1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action

Expert precedents

2019 OHCHR Annual report on human rights and HIV

2016 General Comment No.22 on the Right to Sexual and Reproductive Health


2022 WHO Consolidated Guidelines on Person-centred HIV Strategic Information

2022 WHO Guidance on Differentiated and Simplified PrEP for HIV Prevention

2022 WHO Consolidated Guidelines on HIV, Viral Hepatitis and STI Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Care for Key Populations

2021 WHO Consolidated Guidelines on HIV Prevention, Testing, Treatment, Service Delivery and Monitoring