2016 CND Gender Perspective in Drug-related Policies and Programmes


Analysis of precedential value

The UN Com­mis­sion on Nar­cotic Drugs (CND) sets poli­cies for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, which in turn is respon­si­ble for mon­i­tor­ing inter­na­tional drug treaties. CND is com­posed of rep­re­sen­ta­tives from 53 geo­graph­i­cally diverse Mem­ber States elected by the Eco­nomic and Social Coun­cil.

CND is also over­seen by and works closely with the Eco­nomic and Social Coun­cil and Gen­eral Assem­bly. The United Nations Eco­nomic and Social Coun­cil (UNESC) serves as the UN’s cen­tral forum for advanc­ing sus­tain­able devel­op­ment’s eco­nomic, social and envi­ron­men­tal dimen­sions, and the Gen­eral Assem­bly is the the pre­em­i­nent gov­ern­ing body of the UN sys­tem.

Used as precedent

human rights

Encour­ages Mem­ber States to take into con­sid­er­a­tion the spe­cific needs and cir­cum­stances of women sub­ject to arrest, deten­tion, pros­e­cu­tion, trial or the imple­men­ta­tion of a sen­tence for drug-related offences when devel­op­ing gen­der-spe­cific mea­sures as an inte­gral part of their poli­cies on crime pre­ven­tion and crim­i­nal jus­tice, includ­ing appro­pri­ate mea­sures to bring to jus­tice per­pe­tra­tors of abuse of women in cus­tody or in prison set­tings for drug-related offences, and to draw, as appro­pri­ate, on the United Nations Rules for the Treat­ment of Women Pris­on­ers and Non-cus­to­dial Mea­sures for Women Offend­ers (the Bangkok Rules), the United Nations Stan­dard Min­i­mum Rules for Non-cus­to­dial Mea­sures (the Tokyo Rules) and the United Nations Stan­dard Min­i­mum Rules for the Treat­ment of Pris­on­ers (the Nel­son Man­dela Rules).

positive legal determinants

Invites Mem­ber States, through col­lab­o­ra­tion among health and social ser­vices and law enforce­ment and jus­tice author­i­ties, to take into account the spe­cific needs and cir­cum­stances of women, includ­ing by tak­ing mea­sures to pro­vide safe envi­ron­ments for women, and to use a wide range of alter­na­tive mea­sures to con­vic­tion or pun­ish­ment for appro­pri­ate drug-related offences of a minor nature, in accor­dance with national leg­is­la­tion, in order to improve pub­lic health and safety for indi­vid­u­als, fam­i­lies and soci­eties.