2016 CND Gender Perspective in Drug-related Policies and Programmes
Analysis of precedential value
The UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) sets policies for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, which in turn is responsible for monitoring international drug treaties. CND is composed of representatives from 53 geographically diverse Member States elected by the Economic and Social Council.
CND is also overseen by and works closely with the Economic and Social Council and General Assembly. The United Nations Economic and Social Council (UNESC) serves as the UN’s central forum for advancing sustainable development’s economic, social and environmental dimensions, and the General Assembly is the the preeminent governing body of the UN system.
Used as precedent
“Encourages Member States to take into consideration the specific needs and circumstances of women subject to arrest, detention, prosecution, trial or the implementation of a sentence for drug-related offences when developing gender-specific measures as an integral part of their policies on crime prevention and criminal justice, including appropriate measures to bring to justice perpetrators of abuse of women in custody or in prison settings for drug-related offences, and to draw, as appropriate, on the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules), the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (the Tokyo Rules) and the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules).” (paragraph 4)
positive legal determinants
“Invites Member States, through collaboration among health and social services and law enforcement and justice authorities, to take into account the specific needs and circumstances of women, including by taking measures to provide safe environments for women, and to use a wide range of alternative measures to conviction or punishment for appropriate drug-related offences of a minor nature, in accordance with national legislation, in order to improve public health and safety for individuals, families and societies.” (paragraph 7)